Jennifer Cohan » Literacy Links

Literacy Links

Good Readers Use 7 Keys to Unlock Meaning
     1. Create mental images: Good readers create a wide range of visual, auditory, and other    
     sensory images as they read, and they become emotionally involved with what they read.
     2.Use background knowledge: Good readers use their relevant prior knowledge before,
     during, and after reading to enhance their understanding of what they're reading.
     3.Ask questions: Good readers generate questions before, during, and after reading to clarify
     meaning, make predictions, and focus their attention on what's important.
     4. Make inferences: Good readers use their prior knowledge and information from what they read
     to make predictions, seek answers to questions, draw conclusions, and create interpretations that deepen
     their understanding of the text.
     5. Determine the most important ideas or themes: Good readers identify key
     ideas or themes as they read, and they can distinguish between important and unimportant information.
     6.Synthesize information: Good readers track their thinking as it evolves during reading, to
     get the overall meaning.
     7.Use fix up strategies: Good readers are aware of when they understand and when they
     don't. If they have trouble understanding specific words, phrases, or longer passages, they use a wide range
     of problem solving strategies including skipping ahead, rereading, asking questions, using a dictionary, and
     reading the passage aloud. 
      Excerpted from:
     7 Keys to Comprehension: How to Help Your Kids Read It and Get it!
     Authors:  Susan Zimmermann and Chryse Hutchins.